Database of Hibaku Jumoku ―
Atomic-Bombed Trees of Hiroshima
‘
December 2011
Please note that this document has been created by volunteers who would like to support the tree-planting initiative of Green Legacy Hiroshima.
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Table of Contents
01)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica)
02)
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) クロガネモチ
03)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
04)
Camphor tree
05)
Silverberry (Elaeagnus pungens)
06)
Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and others
07)
Eucalypt (Eucalyptus melliodora) and giant pussy willow (Salix chaenomeloides)
シダレヤナギ
(Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
グミ
カキなど
ユーカリ・マルバヤナギ
08)
Catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides)
09)
Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
10)
Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa) and "shirodamo" (Neolitsea sericea (Blume) Koizumi)
アメリカキササゲ
ボタン・シロダモ
11)
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) クロガネモチ
12)
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda)
13)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
14)
Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis)
15)
Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
16)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
17)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
18)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
19)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
20)
Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
21)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
22)
Plane tree (Platanus orientalis)
23)
Chinese parasol tree (Firmiana simplex) アオギリ
24)
Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) マツ
25)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba), muku tree (Aphananthe aspera) and Japanese black pine
クロガネモチ
サクラ
サルスベリ
プラタナス
(Pinus thunbergii) イチョウ・ムクノキ・マツ
26)
Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica)
27)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
28)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
29)
Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba)
30)
Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica)
エノキ
ナツメ
エノキ
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31)
Japanese flowering apricot tree (Prunus mume var. purpurea) and others コウバイなど
32)
Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
33)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) and others イチョウなど
34)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
35)
Japanese summer orange tree (Citrus natsudaidai)
36)
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) クロガネモチ
37)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba), Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) and Japanese fern palm
(Cycas revoluta)
ナツミカン
イチョウ・マツ・ソテツ
38)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
39)
Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis) サクラ
40)
Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis) and "tabunoki" (Persea thunbergii) サクラ・タブノキ
41)
Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii), ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) and camphor
tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
マツ・イチョウ・クスノキ
42)
Bohdi tree (Tilia Miqueliana) and Camellia
43)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), Japanese flowering apricot (Prunus mume
ボダイジュ・ツバキ
var. purpurea) and camellia クスノキ・コウバイ・ツバキ
44)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) and quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)
クスノキ・ボケ
45)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
46)
Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
47)
Pyramid juniper (Juniperus chinensis 'Kaizuka') カイヅカイブキ
48)
Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) マツ
49)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
50)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
51)
Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis) and Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
サクラ・マツ
52)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
53)
Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
54)
Camellia (Camellia japonica) and others ツバキなど
55)
Crinum lily (Crinum) ハマユウ
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01) 370m Weeping willow (Salix babylonica)
On the Motomachi riverbank of the Ota River
14 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
シダレヤナギ
基町環境護岸沿い
中区基町 14(青少年センター西側)
The A-bombed tree closest to the hypocenter. A few minutes' walk from the
Atomic Bomb Dome, located to the north of the T-shaped Aioi Bridge on the
east bank of the Honkawa River. Aioi Bridge, about 300 meters from the
hypocenter, was the target of the atomic bombing because of the visibility
from the air of its unique T shape and its location at the very center of the
city. The willow tree fell at the time of the atomic bombing, but new buds
sprouted from the roots. There are many cherry trees along the river and in
spring people enjoy cherry blossom viewing.
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02) 410m
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda)
Rai Sanyo Shiseki Museum
クロガネモチ
頼山陽史跡資料館内
5-15 Fukuromachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区袋町 5-15
Located in the Japanese garden at the Rai Sanyo Shiseki Museum,
adjacent to an A-bombed building (former Bank of Japan). The tree was
burned down, leaving only a stump, but it miraculously sprouted in 1949.
Rai Sanyo (1781-1832), a scholar who wrote Nihon Gaishi on Japanese
history, was born in Osaka but raised in Hiroshima. He was the eldest son
of a scholar, Rai Shunsui. His family moved to this location in 1790. When
he illegally left Hiroshima without permission in 1800, he was arrested and
confined to the small room in the tiny house facing the garden for three
years, and under less-severe house arrest for another two. During those
years, he started writing Nihon Gaishi. (Nihon Gaishi was completed in
1826 and published after his death. It became a best seller.)
A museum called Sanyo Kinenkan was constructed here in 1935, and in
1936, this tiny house in which Sanyo had been confined was designated as
a national historic site. At the time of the atomic bombing, the museum was
heavily destroyed, and the house was burned down.
After the war, the museum building was repaired and used as a social
education facility. The house was also reconstructed in 1958 by the
prefectural government. In 1995, the museum building was renovated and
opened as the Rai Sanyo Shiseki Museum. At that time, the bamboo
garden and some other small gardens at this museum were developed by
Nakane Kinsaku (1917-95), a famous landscape gardener who also
designed the Japanese garden at Adachi Museum in Shimane Prefecture.
The gate, walls along the street and stone pavement to the museum are
originals from Sanyo Kinenkan.
Inside the museum, there is a Japanese tea room. If the room is not in use,
anyone can enjoy Japanese tea and a cake at additional 250 yen. (Prior
reservation is preferred for Japanese tea: 082-542-7022.)
(Open: 9:30-17:00 Admission: 300 yen (adult). Closed on Monday. When
Monday is a holiday, it is closed on the following day.)
Reference:
http://raisanyou.com (in Japanese)
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03) 450 m Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
At Hanover Garden
ハノーバー庭園内
5 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区基町 5
Located in the Hanover Garden near the city's planetarium
(Hiroshima Children's Museum). Gokoku Shrine, the Hiroshima
First Army Hospital and the Western Drill Ground of the Army
were around here at the time of the atomic bombing. Some of
the many willow trees around here survived.
The Hanover Garden was created in 1980 as a symbol of the
friendship between Hiroshima and Hanover, which concluded a
sister-city relationship in 1983.
From 1952 to 1978, the Children's Library was located at the site
of today's Children's Museum. The library, designed by Tange
Kenzo, was built with donations from the Southern California
Hiroshima Kenjinkai (prefectural association) and others. A
miniature of the library is exhibited on the second floor of the
Children's Museum. The original explanation board of the
Children's Library is kept on the first floor.
Reference:
http://www.pcf.city.hiroshima.jp
http://www.city.hiroshima.lg.jp/shimin/kokusai/shimai/hannover-e.html
『基町地区再開発事業記念誌』 広島県都市部住宅課 1979 年
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04) 490m
Camphor trees (Cinnamomum camphora)
クスノキ
Shirakami-Shrine 白神社内
7-24 Nacamachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区中町 7-24
There are three A-bombed camphor trees at Shirakami Shrine.
Everyone at the shrine died at the time of the atomic bombing.
The trees were burned, but the roots survived.
This location was the seafront until early Edo period. In order to
prevent shipwrecks, white paper ("shira-kami" in Japanese)
was put on a rock here. “Kami” also means “god.” At the same
place, a shrine was built.
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05) 520m
Silverberry (Elaeagnus pungens) グミ
Seijuji Temple
清住寺内
2-5-13 Honkawa-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区本川町二丁目 5-13
The tree was burned, but it sprouted later. The dead tree
standing next to it is a cherry tree burned by the atomic bomb.
The temple was established in Yoshida to the north of
Hiroshima in the early 16th century. It was moved to this
location in 1590 at about the same time when the feudal lord
Mori Terumoto built Hiroshima Castle and moved from Yoshida
to Hiroshima. This was one of the biggest temples in Hiroshima
until it was burned by the atomic bombing.
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06) 530m
Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and others カキなど
Along the Peace Boulevard near Shirakami Shrine 白神社前平和大通り
3 Komachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区小町 3
Located in front of the ANA Crowne Plaza Hotel, along the Peace
Boulevard, adjacent to Shirakami Shrine. In addition to the persimmon
tree, there are other A-bombed trees, including a hackberry, muku trees
(Aphananthe aspera), kurogane hollies and a bead tree.
Kokutaiji Temple, established in 1601, was located here, and the sunken
ground indicates the location of a pond, called Atago-ike. The rocks
show that this was seashore before. Atago Shrine was here in the
precincts of Kokutaiji Temple. In 1978, Kokutaiji Temple was moved to
Koi, in the western part of Hiroshima.
Giant
pussy
willow
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07) 740m Eucalypt (Eucalyptus melliodora) and giant pussy willow (Salix chaenomeloides)
ユーカリ・マルバヤナギ
"Ninomaru" (second compound), Hiroshima Castle 広島城内
21 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima 中区基町 21
The eucalypt is 740 meters away from the hypocenter. It was probably
planted here in the early 20th century. It broke at 2.5 meters above the
ground in a typhoon in 1971, but sprouted again. The giant pussy willow
is 770 meters away from the hypocenter. The tree has round leaves, so
it is called "maruba-yanagi" in Japanese, meaning "round-leaf willow." It
has a big scar, but it looks well taken care of and thriving.
Eucalypt
Giant pussy willow
Hiroshima Castle was established in 1589 by Mori Terumoto
(1553-1625), who lost the War of Sekigahara in 1600 and was ordered
to leave Hiroshima for today's Yamaguchi Prefecture. After Mori's
departure, Fukushima Masanori (1561-1624) became the lord of
Hiroshima, where he settled around 1601. But he too was ordered to
leave Hiroshima by the Shogun in 1619, for the sin of repairing a part of
the stone walls of the castle destroyed by a typhoon without the
Shogun's permission. After Fukushima left, Asano Nagaakira
(1586-1632) became the lord of Hiroshima. The ruling of the Asano
family in Hiroshima continued for 12 generations until 1871.
The main function of "Ninomaru" (the second compound) is to protect
the innermost area of the castle, "Honmaru." Ninomaru was originally
constructed from around 1598 to 1600. The wooden bridge leading to
Ninomaru and the gate called "Omote Gomon" (meaning "front gate" or
main gate) were reconstructed in 1991. The turrets at Ninomaru were
reconstructed in 1994.
Reference: http://www.rijo-castle.jp (in Japanese)
Giant pussy willow
Eucalypt
Giant pussy willow
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08) 760m
Catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides) アメリカキササゲ
Central Park (Chuo Koen)
中央公園内
15 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区基町 15
Located in the north of the Central Park (Chuo Koen). The tree was
probably transplanted here when this area was redeveloped. There
are many trees in this corner of the park and it is pleasant to walk
along the streams running through it. The water comes from the Ota
River, goes through the stream in the north part of the park into the
castle moat. The water, then, goes from the moat through the stream
in the south part of the park and returns back to the river. In this way,
the water in the castle moat is kept clean.
The tall apartment buildings to the north of the park are the Motomachi
high-rise apartment buildings, a public complex built in the 1970s,
including an elementary school and a kindergarten. There were
makeshift wooden houses built here from 1946 onward by the city
government.
There is a Chinese garden called Yuhua Garden in the southwestern
corner of the park. This garden was created in 1991 to commemorate
the conclusion of a sister-city agreement between Hiroshima and
Chongqing, China, signed in 1986.
Reference:
http://www.city.hiroshima.lg.jp/www/contents/0000000000000/1122887712905
/html/common/other/4be7552f194.pdf
http://www.city.hiroshima.lg.jp/shimin/kokusai/shimai/chonqing-e.html
『都市の復興-広島被爆 40 年史-』広島市 1985 年
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09) 890m
Japanese fern palms (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
Jo-onji Temple
長遠寺内
3-10-4 Otemachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区大手町三町目 10-4
The palms were burned by the atomic bomb but sprouted
again from the roots. When the current temple building was
constructed, the palm trees were moved to the present
locations from near the gate of the temple.
The grave of a famous novelist, Suzuki Miekichi (1882-1936),
is located here.
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10) 890m Peonies (Paeonia suffruticosa) and "shirodamo" (Neolitsea sericea (Blume)
Koizumi) ボタン・シロダモ
Honkyoji Temple 本逕寺
3-13-11 Otemachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区大手町三丁目 13-11
There are red peonies, planted at several places in this temple.
Both the peonies and the "shirodamo" (Neolitsea sericea) were
burned by the atomic bomb but sprouted again from the roots.
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11) 910m Kurogane hollies (Ilex rotunda)
クロガネモチ
"Honmaru" (main compound), Hiroshima Castle
21 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
広島城内
中区基町 21
Located at Hiroshima Castle's Honmaru (main compound). It is said that
there are three A-bombed kurogane hollies here. These trees were in
front of the building used as the Imperial Headquarters during the
Sino-Japanese War (1894-95). The building was completely destroyed
by the atomic bomb. Today, only its foundations remain. The castle
tower was also destroyed by the atomic bomb but rebuilt in 1958 as a
history museum.
Down the stairs from the kurogane hollies, there is a shrine called
Gokoku Shrine, relocated to this place in 1956. Next to the shrine was a
semi-underground facility used by the Chugoku Regional Military
Headquarters during WWII as an air-defense communication room.
Mobilized students from Hijiyama Girls' High School worked here during
the war, passing along the information on air-raid warnings to
government facilities and media.
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12) 940m Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) クロガネモチ
Kinryuji Temple
金龍寺内
9-37 Komachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima 中区小町 9-34
There are two kurogane hollies which survived the atomic
bombing. Kinryuji Temple was established in 1632, but all was
lost by the atomic bomb. It was rebuilt in concrete to celebrate
the 370th anniversary of the foundation of the temple.
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13) 1010m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
In the parking lot of the public apartments at Motomachi, near the Ota River
太田川近く、基町の市営住宅南西側駐車場
16 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区基町 16
Notice: No entry without permission. (Private zone.) 関係者以外の立ち入り禁止
Located in the parking lot of the public apartments at
Motomachi, near the Ota/Honkawa River. These low-rise
apartment buildings were built by the municipal and prefectural
governments.
There is a nice promenade along the river to the south of this
tree. These riverbanks were redeveloped in the early 1980s,
based on the design of Nakamura Yoshio (1938-) and others,
who won the Civil Engineering Design Special Prize in 2003.
There were so-called A-bomb slums around here after the war.
Town of Evening Calm, Country of Cherry Blossoms by Kono
Fumiyo is a beautiful manga that tells a story of this area after
the war.
Reference:
http://www.jsce.or.jp/committee/lsd/prize/2003/works/2003s1.html
(in Japanese)
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14) 1050m Cherry trees (Prunus × yedoensis)
City Hall of Hiroshima
サクラ
広島市役所内
1-6-34 Kokutaiji-machi Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区国泰寺町一丁目 6-34
Located in front of the city hall. There are three A-bombed
cherry trees--two on the north and one on the south sides. The
present city hall was built in 1985 at the site of the former city
hall (built 1928; dismantled 1985). The former city hall was also
a concrete building, but everything inside was burned. It was
used as a temporary first-aid station after the atomic bombing,
and a part of the basement has been left as a small museum.
Masuda Kiyoshi (1888-1977) who designed the former city hall
also designed Taishoya kimono shop, now the city's "Rest
House," where a tourist information office is located. It was built
in 1929 and is one of the A-bombed buildings in Hiroshima. He
also designed Honkawa Elementary School, built in 1928, a
part of which has been left as a museum.
Reference:
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市 1996 年
『近代日本の建築活動の地域性―広島の近代建築とその設計者たち』
李明・石丸紀興 渓水社 2008 年
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15) 1100m Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) サルスベリ
Zenshoji Temple
善正寺内
3-11 Teramachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区寺町 3-11
Red blossoms bloom in summer. The tree was moved from the
west side of the precincts near the streetcar tracks to the
present location when the temple was renovated.
In the early 17th century, lord Fukushima Masanori gathered
many temples of Jodo Shinshu (True Pure Land School) in this
area to protect the castle. Thus this area is called "Teramachi,"
meaning "temple town." As these temples were protected by
the succeeding lords of Hiroshima, Jodo Shinshu prospered in
this province.
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16) 1110m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
Motomachi High-rise Apartment Buildings near the police box
20 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
基町高層アパート交番近く
中区基町 20
Notice: No entry without permission. (Private zone) 関係者以外の立ち入り禁止
Located at the Motomachi high-rise apartment buildings near
the police box. At about 30 meters, this is the tallest of all
A-bomb trees.
These high-rises are municipal and prefectural apartment
buildings built in the 1970s, designed by Otaka Masato
(1923-2010), whose teacher, Maekawa Kunio (1905-1986) was
a student of Le Corbusier. You can see a strong influence of Le
Corbusier on these apartment buildings.
Looking east from the police box, there is a very modern
building, located to the north of the castle. It is Motomachi
Senior High School. The school was relocated from Nakahiro
to this place in 1947, after losing 369 teachers and students in
the atomic bombing. The present buildings of the high school
were built in 1998 and 1999, designed by Hara Hiroshi (1936-),
who also designed Kyoto Station. This is the only public school
in Hiroshima that has escalators for students. The Hiroshima
Army Cadet School was located at the site of the high school
until the end of the war.
Reference:
『被爆50周年
図説戦後広島市史
街と暮らしの50年』
広島市
1996 年
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市
1996 年
http://www.motomachi-h.edu.city.hiroshima.jp (in Japanese)
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17) 1120m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
At the northeast corner of Hiroshima Castle, outside the moat, to the northwest of RCC
広島城外堀東北端
21 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区基町 21
Located outside the moat of the castle, at the northeast corner,
near Hakushima Elementary School. The tree is bent due to
the atomic bombing.
The Hiroshima Army Cadet School was located around here to
the north of the castle, and remains of the gate's stone poles
stand near the tree. Hakushima Elementary School and
Motomachi Senior High School are now located on the former
site of the Cadet School. The elementary school was originally
located a few hundred meters to the northeast of today's
location. Hundreds of students as well as the principal died in
the atomic bombing. In October 1945, the elementary school
resumed teaching at a temporary school building at the present
location.
Reference:
http://www.hakushima-e.edu.city.hiroshima.jp (in Japanese)
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市 1996 年
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18) 1120m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
At the south side of the government apartment buildings for court officials
2 Kami-hatchobori, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
裁判所アパート南側
中区上八丁堀 2
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
The camphor tree survived the atomic bombing of August 6,
1945.
Green Legacy Hiroshima Initiative
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19) 1130m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
Hosenbo Temple
報専坊内
3-3 Teramachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区寺町 3-3
It is said that at the time of the atomic bombing, the large
ginkgo tree at Hosenbo Temple in Teramachi prevented the
collapsed temple from burning down entirely. (The head priest
and three of his family members were killed, however.) The
tree itself was terribly burnt but sprouted several years later.
After using a temporary hall for many years, the new main hall
of the temple was finally constructed in 1994. They did not
want to cut the tree, so the ginkgo tree is now standing in a big
hole created in the staircase that leads to the main entrance
(there are openings for ventilation in the staircase, so the tree
would not suffocate).
It is said that the temple was originally established in Kabe, to
the north of Hiroshima, in the late Kamakura period
(1192-1333), but was moved to this area in the late 17th
century. All the temples in Teramachi are Jodo Shinshu
temples. Jodo Shinshu, meaning True Pure Land School, has
prospered in Hiroshima.
Reference:
『歩いて見てほしい
房 1995 年
ひろしま原爆の木たち』
大川悦生
たかの書
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20) 1150m Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
Hiroshima Betsuin of Nishi-Honganji Temple
1-19 Teramachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
西本願寺広島別院内
中区寺町 1-19
Located at Hiroshima Betsuin of Nishi Hongaji Temple in
Teramachi. The temple was established in 1459, and moved to
this place in 1609 by lord Fukushima Masanori. The fern palm
was drawn in a picture about 100 years ago. In 1964, when the
main hall of the temple was rebuilt after the atomic bombing,
the palm tree was moved to its present location beside the
belfry.
All the temples in Teramachi are Jodo Shinshu temples. Jodo
Shinshu, meaning True Pure Land School, has prospered in
Hiroshima.
References: http://www.aki.or.jp (in Japanese)
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21) 1160m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
On the sidewalk at the southeast corner of Tenma Elementary School
1 Tenma-cho, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
天満小学校南東側道路
中区天満町 1
Located on the sidewalk at the southeast corner of Tenma
Elementary School near the Tenma River.
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22) 1270m Plane trees (Platanus orientalis) プラタナス
Tenma Elementary School 天満小学校内
1-27 Tenma-cho, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima 西区天満町 1-27
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
There are four A-bombed plane trees at Tenma Elementary
School. They were planted in 1931 by the students who were
graduating that year. The school buildings were all destroyed
by the bomb, and 13 teachers/staff members and 280 students
died.
Students wrote the words of the song, "Winds Blowing the
Plane Trees." The plane trees have become symbols of love
and peace and held in affection by students and local people
alike. To listen to the song, please visit
http://www.tenma-e.edu.city.hiroshima.jp/mupura/puratanasun
okazega.htm.
Reference:
http://www.tenma-e.edu.city.hiroshima.jp (in Japanese)
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23)1300m Chinese parasol trees (Firmiana simplex)
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park
アオギリ
広島平和記念公園
1 Nakajima-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区中島町 1
The trees used to be at the courtyard of the Hiroshima Post
and Telecommunication Bureau, which was located to the
northeast of the castle. They were transplanted to the north
side of the memorial museum in the Hiroshima Peace
Memorial Park in 1973. The survivors of the atomic bomb were
encouraged when the parasol trees had new buds in the spring
of 1946.
A song of the parasol tree called "Aogiri no Uta" was made by a
nine-year old girl in 2001. It can be listened to thanks to an
audio system in front of the tree. Please press the button there
or visit
http://www.city.hiroshima.lg.jp/www/contents/0000000000000/
1112685049928/files/06.mp3 to listen to the song.
Reference: http://www.pcf.city.hiroshima.jp
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24) 1300m Japanese black pines (Pinus thunbergii) マツ
Sumiyoshi Shrine
住吉神社
5-10 Sumiyoshi-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区住吉町 5-10
Located at Sumiyoshi Shrine by the Honkawa River. There are
two A-bombed black pines. The shrine was established in 1733
and moved to this place in 1799. The building was burned in
the atomic bombing, but the pine trees survived. According to
the yellow plate, these trees were transplanted to the present
locations when the main hall was renovated in 1995.
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25) 1370m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba), muku tree (Aphananthe aspera) and Japanese black pine
(Pinus thunbergii)イチョウ・ムクノキ・マツ
Shukkeien Garden
縮景園
2 Kami-nobori-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima 中区上幟町 2
Shukkeien Garden was created in 1620 by Ueda Soko
(1563-1650) for the lord Asano Nagaakira (1586-1632).
Soko, a samurai, was one of the greatest tea masters of that
time and the tea school originated by him has continued for 16
generations.
There are three A-bombed trees in the garden: a ginkgo, a
black pine and a muku. The ginkgo tree is more than 200 years
old. It is slanting toward the hypocenter because after the blast
moved outward from the city center, the air gushed back in.
The trunk of the tree is about 4 meters in circumference and
about 17 meters tall. The branches are pruned so that the tree
won't fall down.
After the atomic bomb, many people fled to this garden and
died here. In 1987, about 64 people's remains were excavated
and moved to the memorial mound in the Peace Memorial
Park. Near the A-bombed black pine, there is a monument
erected in 1988 for these victims. The black pine is supported
by wire. The muku tree is at the far end of the garden in the
northwest corner. It has a big scar, but still bears sweet fruits.
Open hours: 9:00-18:00 (April-September), 9:00-17:00
(October-March) Admission: 250 yen (adult)
Reference:
http://www.pcf.city.hiroshima.jp/virtual/VirtualMuseum_j/exhibit/exh060
3/exh060311.html,
http://www.ueda-soukoryu.com/htm/02uedasouko.html
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26) 1400m Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica) エノキ
On the west bank of the Kyobashi River near Kamiyanagi-bashi Bridge
12 Hashimoto-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
上柳橋西詰河岸緑地
中区橋本町 12
This tree was registered as an A-bombed tree thanks to the
person who used to live here and could testify that the tree was
in his garden at the time of the atomic bombing.
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27) 1400m Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
On the west bank of the Kyobashi River near Kamiyanagi-bashi Bridge
12 Hashimoto-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
上柳橋西詰河岸緑地
中区橋本町 12
The relatives of Hara Tamiki (the author of Summer Flowers)
used to live here. Based on the testimony of Tamiki's nephew,
the willow was registered as an A- bombed tree.
There are many stone steps along the riverside. They are
called gangi, showing that Hiroshima was a water city, where
many boats travelled up and down the river.
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28) 1420m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
Joseiji Temple
浄西寺
15-22 Sumiyoshi-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区住吉町 15-22
When the main hall of the temple was rebuilt in 1981, they
created a hole in the staircase for the ginkgo tree.
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29) 1430m Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) ナツメ
Peace Boulevard
平和大通り
1 Nishi-kanon-machi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
西区西観音町 1
Located on the north side of the Peace Boulevard. It was
transplanted to this place, from about 20 meters away, when
this area was redeveloped after the atomic bombing. Despite a
big scar, the tree has red fruits in summer.
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30) 1440m Japanese hackberries (Celtis sinensis var. japonica) エノキ
Noboricho Junior High School
幟町中学校
6-29 Kami-nobori-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区上幟町 6-29
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
There are two hackberry trees at Noboricho Junior High
School. The school was established in 1947 after WWII.
Sasaki Sadako (1943-1955), famous for her one-thousand
paper cranes, was registered as a student at this school in April
1955 when she was 12 years old, but she had been
hospitalized due to leukemia and was unable to attend any
classes. When she died on October 25 of that year, her
classmates and others raised funds to erect the Children's
Peace Monument in the Peace Memorial Park. It was unveiled
in 1958.
Reference:
http://www.sadako-jp.com/sadako.html (in Japanese)
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31) 1580m Japanese flowering apricot trees (Prunus mume var. purpurea) and others
コウバイなど
Tokuoji Temple
禿翁寺
8-8 Higashi-hakushima-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区東橋本町 8-8
Tokuoji Temple was first established in Kishu, today's Wakayama
Prefecture, and moved here in the 17th century. The buildings were burned
in the atomic bombing and rebuilt after the war. There are about ten
A-bombed trees here, including two apricot trees, a maple, a pine, a
camphor tree and several oaks (Quercus glauca). There are also
A-bombed stone statues of Jizo Bodhisattva.
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32) 1590m Japanese fern palms (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
Senryuji Temple
専立寺
10-8 Kyobashi-cho, Minami-ku, Hiroshima
南区京橋町 10-8
There are two A-bombed fern palms. They were burned by the
atomic bomb but sprouted from the roots. They were later
divided.
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33) 1640m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) and others イチョウなど
Senda Elementary School
千田小学校
2-1-34 Higashi-senda-machi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区東千田町二丁目 1-34
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
Senda Elementary School was established in 1924. The
number of students exceeded 2,000 in 1938. There were 1,514
students in 1944, but in March 1945, students' evacuation
started at elementary schools in Hiroshima, and there were
fewer students remaining in the city. Three teachers and 41
students were killed in the atomic bombing and all school
buildings were burned down, leaving only the bent iron
framework of the auditorium. Still, some trees survived. The
A-bombed trees at this school include camphor trees,
wisterias, Japanese fern palms, junipers, a ginkgo, a hackberry
and pines. The hackberry was in Kokutaiji, closer to the
hypocenter, but transplanted to this school in around 1948. The
ginkgo tree was at the Hiroshima Higher Normal School nearby
and transplanted here in the late 1960s.
Open-air classes started in September 1945. Gradually school
buildings were built. In December 1947, five classrooms were
added with the support of Major Higgins from Australia, and
finally all students were accommodated in classrooms.
Reference:
http://www.senda-e.edu.city.hiroshima.jp/shoukai/rekishi/3/3.htm (in
Japanese)
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34) 1700m Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
鶴見橋東詰
At the eastern foot of Tsurumi-bashi Bridge
20 Hijiyama-honmachi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima
南区比治山本町 20
Located at the foot of Tsurumi-bashi Bridge at the eastern end of
the Peace Boulevard. "Tsuru" means cranes. Cranes used to fly
to Hijiyama Hill, located further east of this bridge, from where
people could bird-watch. In 1880, the original wooden bridge
was built and named Tsurumi-bashi, meaning "crane watching
bridge." The bridge caught fire at the time of the atomic bomb,
but people tried to extinguish the fire. Thanks to their efforts, the
bridge did not fall, and many survivors fled to Hijiyama Hill
crossing it. It was replaced by another wooden bridge in 1957.
After a steel pedestrian bridge was constructed near this bridge,
the wooden bridge was dismantled in 1974. The current bridge
was built in 1990. When it was built, the willow was transplanted
to the present location. Its trunk is weak, but a new willow tree
from the same root has grown into a big tree. The current bridge
won the Civil Engineering Design Prize in 2001.
Reference:
『河岸の戦後史2 京橋川』 広島市博物館資料調査報告書 VI
http://www.jsce.or.jp/committee/lsd/prize/2001/works/2001c09.html
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35) 1700m Japanese summer orange trees (Citrus natsudaidai) ナツミカン
Komyoin Temple
光明院
23-2 Hakushima-kuken-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区白島九軒町 23-2
Located at Komyoin Temple near the railway track. There are
two summer orange trees. White blossoms bloom in spring.
The temple was burned, but the main Buddha (medicine
Buddha) had been evacuated to Fudoin Temple. The new
temple building was built in 1983.
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36) 1770m Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) クロガネモチ
Kanon Elementary School
観音小学校
2-1-26 Kanon-honmachi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
西区観音本町二町目 1-26
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
Hiroshima Prefectural Second High School was located at this place
at the time of the bombing. The first year students were engaged in
the so-called demolition work of houses in the city center near the
Peace Park of today. Most of them died instantaneously. Orimen
Shigeru was one of them. He was 13 years old. His scorched lunch
box is exhibited in the memorial museum. The school buildings too
were seriously damaged. Seven teachers and 343* students of the
high school died in the atomic bombing. In 1950, the school, now
called Hiroshima Kanon Senior High School, moved a few hundred
meters to the south, and this elementary school opened here in the
same year.
This tree was donated by a neighbor to the elementary school in 1989
when his family moved out of the area. The tree had a crack from the
atomic bombing, and a typhoon broke it into half from the crack.
* According to the website of Hiroshima Kanon Senior High School
(http://www.kanon-h.hiroshima-c.ed.jp/zen/gaiyou/enkaku/index.htm). See also
No.38 Camphor trees.
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37) 1780m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba), Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) and
Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) イチョウ・マツ・ソテツ
Myojoin Temple
明星院
2-6-25 Futabanosato, Higashi-ku, Hiroshima
東区二葉の里二丁目 6-25
There are three A-bombed trees in Myojoin Temple near the
Kyobashi River. Most of the temple structures were burned
down by the atomic bomb. The present temple building was
reconstructed in 1974.
There are many temples and shrines around here. In Japan,
the northeast direction is considered "kimon" (devil's gate), so
in order to protect the castle, many temples and shrines were
gathered in the northeast direction of the castle by the lords of
Hiroshima. Myojoin Temple was one of the largest temples and
used to include Hachimangu, today's Tsuruhane Shrine. See
also No.41 Ginkgo trees & others.
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38) 1800m Camphor trees (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
Kanon Elementary School
観音小学校
2-1-26 Kanon-honmachi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
西区観音本町二丁目 1-26
Notice: No entry without permission 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
There are four A-bombed camphor trees at the north side of
this school. Hiroshima Prefectural Second High School was
here at the time of the atomic bombing. The school buildings
were heavily destroyed. The number of the victims is unknown,
but 322* students who were at the demolition site of buildings
near the Peace Park of today died in the atomic bombing,
alongside the accompanying teachers. In 1950, the high school
moved out, and this elementary school was opened.
Permission is required to enter the school, but these trees can
be seen from outside.
*According to the signboard at the elementary school. See also No.36
Kurogane holly.
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39) 1800m Cherry trees (Prunus × yedoensis) サクラ
Sanyo Buntokuden
山陽文徳殿内
7-1 Hijiyama-cho, Minami-ku, Hiroshima
南区比治山町 7-1
There are two A-bombed cherry trees at Sanyo Buntokuden,
located near the foot of Hijiyama Hill, next to Tamon-in Temple.
Buntokuden was built in 1934 to mark the centennial of Rai
Sanyo's death. Rai Sanyo was a famous scholar, and his
museum is in the city center. (See No.2 Kurogane holly.) As
WWII aggravated, parts of city government functions were
moved to Sanyo Buntokuden. After the war, this was used as
Asano Library and a social education facility (now closed). On
the top of the roof, there is a nine-ring ornament, which was
bent due to the atomic bombing.
The atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima at 8:15 a.m. on
August 6, 1945. On the evening of August 6, the prefectural
air-defense headquarters were moved to Tamon-in at the foot
of Hijiyama Hill, although the temple roof was severely
damaged. On August 7, the headquarters were moved again to
the East Police Station, but the temple was used to receive
relief goods and arrange distributing rice balls to the survivors
who had fled to Hijiyama Hill. Many survivors were also given
first-aid treatment there. The belfry is one of the existing
A-bombed buildings.
Reference:
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市 1996
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40) 1800m Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis) and "tabunoki" (Persea thunbergii)
サクラ・タブノキ
Ikari Shrine
碇神社
12-20 Hakushima-kuken-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区白島九軒町 12-20
Located at Ikari Shrine in Hakushima. This is one of the oldest
shinto shrines in Hiroshima. These trees were burned by the
atomic bomb, but they later sprouted from the roots. The shrine
was completely burned but reconstructed in 1965.
"Ikari" means anchor. The name of the shrine was derived from
the fact that many ships anchored here and prayed for safe
navigation. The area of Hakushima was an island called
"Hakoshima" until the 16th century.
Reference:
『二葉の里歴史の散歩道~歴史と平和
緑と安らぎ~』
広島市東区
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41) 1810m Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii), ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) and camphor
tree (Cinnamomum camphora) マツ・イチョウ・クスノキ
Tsuruhane Shrine
鶴羽根神社
2-5-11 Futabanosato, Higashi-ku, Hiroshima
東区二葉の里二丁目 5-11
Located at Tsuruhane Shrine next to Myojoin Temple near the
Kyobashi River. The shrine has a history of more than 800
years. It was moved to its present location in the 19th century.
The name of the shrine was changed to Tsuruhane Shrine in
1872 because the hill behind the shrine looks like a crane
("tsuru") stretching its wings ("hane"). See also No.37 Ginkgo
tree & others.
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42) 1820m Bohdi tree (Tilia Miqueliana) and Camellia
Hoshoin Temple
ボダイジュ・ツバキ
宝勝院
12-4 Hakushima-kukencho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区白島九軒町 12-4
Located at Hoshoin Temple next to Ikari Shrine. The camellia was about
10 meters tall and a symbol of the community. It was burned but
sprouted again from the stump. There is a scorched scar at the bottom
of the tree. A second-generation Bohdi tree was planted at Hakushima
Elementary School to celebrate the centennial of the school in 1973.
Hoshoin Temple was established at this location in 1598, after Mori
Terumoto moved to Hiroshima Castle. The temple was located in the
northeast direction (the bad luck direction called kimon) to protect the
castle. Hoshoin Temple and Ikari Shrine were one temple/shrine
complex but were separated in 1868. After the atomic bombing, the
main hall was rebuilt in 1949, and again in 1974, when the trees were
relocated to the present locations.
Reference: 『開創四百年記念誌』
真言宗寶勝院
1998 年
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43) 1850m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), Japanese flowering apricot (Prunus
mume var. purpurea) and camellias クスノキ・コウバイ・ツバキ
Misasa Elementary School
三篠小学校
1-9-25 Misasa-machi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
Notice: No entry without permission
西区三篠町一丁目 9-25
見学は、事前に許可が必要です
Located at Misasa Elementary School. The A-bombed
camphor tree was transplanted to this elementary school from
a private house on the north side of the Japan Electric Meters
Inspection Corporation in 1954. It is in a beautiful triangular
shape. The apricot and the two camellia trees (one with red
blossoms with white spots, and the other with pink blossoms)
were donated later to the school and registered as A-bombed
trees in 2009.
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44) 1850m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) and quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)
クスノキ・ボケ
Misasa Shrine
三篠神社
1-11-5 Misasa-machi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
西区三篠町一丁目 11-5
The A-bombed camphor tree was donated to this shrine by the
same person who gave an A-bombed camphor tree to Misasa
Elementary School. The leaves of this tree are larger than
ordinary camphor leaves. The quince blooms in spring and
bears fruit by summer.
The shrine was established in the 16th century. It was moved
here in 1654.
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45) 1870m Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
Koryuji Temple
光隆寺
1-6-9 Misasa-machi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
西区三篠町一丁目 6-9
The tree was burned by the atomic bomb but sprouted from the
stump. Today there are three trunks from the same roots. The
temple was also burned down by the atomic bomb. The main
hall was rebuilt in 1960.
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46) 1880m Japanese fern palm (Cycas revoluta) ソテツ
Shingyoji Temple
心行寺
5-10 Hakushima-kuken-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
The palm tree was burned by the atomic bomb but sprouted
from the roots.
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47) 1900m Pyramid juniper (Juniperus chinensis 'Kaizuka') カイヅカイブキ
On the sidewalk on the east side of Fukushima Nursery School
18, 1-chome, Fukushima-cho, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima
ふくしま保育園東側歩道
西区福島町一丁目 18
Located on a sidewalk by a nursery school. Before the war,
there was a complex of facilities around here, including a
community hall, nursery school, a clinic and others.
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48) 1900m Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) マツ
Myosenji Temple
明泉寺
2-6-3 Danbara, Minami-ku, Hiroshima
南区段原二町目 6-3
Myosenji Temple is located on the north side of Hijiyama Hill, in
Danbara. This pine tree and the temple gate survived the
atomic bombing. They were moved about 15 meters south to
the current location at the time of the redevelopment of this
area in 1995.
Reference:
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市 1996 年
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49) 2030m Camphor trees (Cinnamomum camphora)
Senda Park
クスノキ
千田公園
7, 3-chome, Senda-machi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区千田町三丁目 7
Located at the east side of Senda Park. More than 20 camphor
trees are registered as A-bombed trees (though there are also
many not registered as such).
Hiroshima Technical College (formerly called Hiroshima Higher
Technical School) was located here. In 1949, this school and
Hiroshima Municipal Higher Technical School were combined
to establish the Faculty of Engineering of Hiroshima University.
At the western side of the park, Hiroshima Prefectural
Technical High School was located. In 1953, it moved to
Deshio, the present location of the high school.
Senda Park was made after Hiroshima University's Faculty of
Engineering was moved to the present campus in Higashi
Hiroshima in 1982.
Reference:
『広島原爆戦災誌 第四巻』 広島市 1971 年
http://www.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/index-j.html
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50) 2100m Camphor trees (Cinnamomum camphora) クスノキ
At the east side of ALSOK Hall (Hiroshima Prefectural Culture and Art Hall)
19 Hakushima-kitamachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
ALSOK ホール東側
中区白島北町 19
Located along the tracks of the new transit system, Astramline,
near ALSOK Hall. There are 12 registered A-bombed camphor
trees. Before the transit system was constructed in 1994, the
streets were widened. At that time, these trees were moved to
the present location.
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51) 2110m Cherry tree (Prunus × yedoensis) and Japanese black pines (Pinus
thunbergii) サクラ・マツ
Yasuda Girls' High School
安田女子中学高等学校
1-41 Hakushima-kitamachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区白島北町 1-41
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
Located at Yasuda Girls' High School, there is one A-bombed
cherry tree and several A-bombed pine trees. This high school
was located near Hiroshima Castle at the time of the bombing.
The atomic bomb killed 328 teachers and students there.
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52) 2160m Weeping willow (Salix babylonica) シダレヤナギ
Minami Elementary School
皆実小学校
1-15-32 Minami-machi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima
Notice: No entry without permission. 見学は、事前に許可が必要です
There is a big scar in the trunk of this willow tree, but it is
thriving. The white board says, "The tree teaches us the power
and sanctity of life."
This area was gradually reclaimed, from the 17th century
through the Edo period. The elementary school was
established in 1920. In 1945, almost all of the school buildings
were destroyed by the atomic bomb.
Reference:
http://www.minami-e.edu.city.hiroshima.jp (in Japanese)
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53) 2160m Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) イチョウ
Anrakuji Temple
安楽寺
1-5-29 Ushita-honmachi, Higashi-ku, Hiroshima
東区牛田本町一町目 5-29
A hole is made in the temple gate to allow the ginkgo tree to
grow. This is a male tree, so the tree does not bear any ginkgo
nuts. There are charred parts high up in the trunk.
Anrakuji Temple was built here in 1533. It was burned down in
1758 but rebuilt in 1788. The temple was heavily damaged by
the atomic bomb. The main hall is one of the A-bombed
buildings. It was restored in 1994 but still slants to the north
from the blast of the atomic bomb. The ginkgo tree saved the
temple from being burned down.
Reference:
『被爆 50 周年 ヒロシマの被爆建造物は語る―未来への記録』 広島
市 1996 年
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54) 2160m Camellia (Camellia japonica) and others
Yoshijima Inari Shrine
ツバキなど
吉島稲生神社
1-8-6 Yoshijima-nishi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区吉島西一丁目 8-6
There are various A-bombed trees including a camellia, a
camphor, two black pines, a hackberry and a kurogane holly.
The shrine was established here in 1787.
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55) 2200m Crinum lilies (Crinum) ハマユウ
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park
広島平和記念公園
1 Nakajima-cho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
中区中島町 1
Located in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park to the north of
the memorial museum. These crinum lilies were exposed to
the atomic bomb in Danbara on the other side of Hijiyama Hill.
They were burned, but later a leaf sprouted from a burned
bulb. It was found by a former soldier who had been stationed
in Danbara at the time of the bombing. He kept the crinum lilies
at his home in Kamakura and donated some to the Peace
Memorial Park in 1969.
Reference:
http://www.nhk.or.jp/hiroshima/hibakumap/spot/TR-0055.html (in
Japanese)
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Database of Hibaku Jumoku ― Atomic