Reported Speech
Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅱ
January 6, 2012
Q and A
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Did you have good New Year’s
Holidays?
Did you eat osechi?
Did you eat zoni?
Did you get otoshidama?
Did you pay your first visit to a shrine
or a temple?
Did you draw a sacred lot?
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sacred lot = おみくじ
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東大寺では英語のおみくじがあります
大吉
吉
 半吉
 小吉
 末吉
 末小吉
凶
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大吉 ⇒ Best Luck
 吉 ⇒ Good Luck
 半吉 ⇒ Half Luck
 小吉 ⇒ Fair Luck
 末吉 ⇒ Late Good Luck
 末小吉 ⇒ Late Fair Luck
 凶 ⇒ No Luck
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How do you explain in English?
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osechi
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zoni
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otoshidama
How do you explain in English?
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osechi
foods prepared for New Year's
 traditional New Year’s food
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zoni
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rice cakes boiled in vegetable soup
otoshidama
New Year's gift (money)
 New Year's monetary gift
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Reported Speech
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Reported Speech
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Speech that is reported without using the
exact words of the speaker. Sometimes
called ‘indirect speech.’
e.g. Tom said that he was feeling sick.
Direct Speech
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Speech that is written using the exact words
of the speaker, without any changes.
e.g. Tom said, “I’m feeling sick.”
Exercise 1
(1) Liz (said/talked/told), “I will do that
job.”
⇒ said
(2) I (said/talked/asked) him to open the
door.
⇒ asked
(3) Our boss (said/told/talked) us to
reach the goal.
⇒ told
Exercise 2
(1) 彼は私に言った。「今、何時ですか」
He [me to said now what time is it]?”
⇒ He said to me, “What time is it now?”
(2) ガリレオ・ガリレイは地球が太陽の周りを回っ
ていると言った。
Galileo [the earth the sun around goes that
said].
⇒ Galileo Galilei said that the earth goes
round the sun.
(3) 審判は選手にその場から退場するように命じ
た。
The umpire [the player the filed to leave
ordered].
⇒ The umpire ordered the player to leave
the field.
(4) チャールズはダイアナに言った。「どうか結婚
してほしい」
Charles [Diana to said please me marry].”
⇒ Charles said to Diana, “Please marry
me.”
(5) リサのお父さんがリサに、次の日曜日は暇か
どうか尋ねた。
Her father [Lisa the next Sunday free if would
be asked she].
⇒ Her father asked Lisa if she would be
free the next Sunday.
(6) 手品師が観客に箱の中には何が入っている
か尋ねた。
The magician [the audience the box in what
was asked].
⇒ The magician asked the audience what
was in the box.
What Did He Say?
A: I forgot to tell you. Marvin called
yesterday.
B: Really? What did he say?
A: He said (that)* he thought he was
falling in love with me.
*Or: He told me (that)
参考)英文法大全
27-2 話法の転換
 直接話法と間接話法は相互に言いかえ
ることができます。ここでは直接話法を
間接話法に変える場合の注意すべき点
が簡潔にまとめられています。
 http://www.eibunpou.net/11/chapter27
/27_2.html
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Why Did They Tell You That?
A: I’m a little annoyed at the mailman.
B: How come?
A: He told me to keep my dog in the
house.
B: Why did he tell you that?
A: He said (that) he was afraid to
deliver my mail.
BBC Learning English
Grammar Challenge
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/lear
ningenglish/radio/specials/1457_gram
challenge35/
 Reported speech
If someone tells you something and
you want to tell another person, can
use 'direct speech' or 'reported
speech'. Find out the differences in
this program.
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BBC Learning English
Grammar Challenge
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/lear
ningenglish/radio/specials/145_gramc
hallenge36/
 Indirect questions
There's more than one way to ask a
question. Indirect questions are more
polite and don't need a change in
word order in the main question.
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下記日程に注意!
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1月6日(金) Grammar and Vocabulary合同授業
1月10日(火) Grammar and Vocabulary合同授業
1月13日(金) センター入試準備のため登校禁止
1月17日(火) 通常授業
1月20日(金) Oral Communication期末試験
1月27日(金) 英語統一試験→詳細は後日
1月31日(火) Grammar and Vocabulary期末試験
Take care of yourself!
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Reported Speech