Reported Speech Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅱ January 6, 2012 Q and A Did you have good New Year’s Holidays? Did you eat osechi? Did you eat zoni? Did you get otoshidama? Did you pay your first visit to a shrine or a temple? Did you draw a sacred lot? sacred lot ＝ おみくじ 東大寺では英語のおみくじがあります 大吉 吉 半吉 小吉 末吉 末小吉 凶 大吉 ⇒ Best Luck 吉 ⇒ Good Luck 半吉 ⇒ Half Luck 小吉 ⇒ Fair Luck 末吉 ⇒ Late Good Luck 末小吉 ⇒ Late Fair Luck 凶 ⇒ No Luck How do you explain in English? osechi zoni otoshidama How do you explain in English? osechi foods prepared for New Year's traditional New Year’s food zoni rice cakes boiled in vegetable soup otoshidama New Year's gift (money) New Year's monetary gift Reported Speech Reported Speech Speech that is reported without using the exact words of the speaker. Sometimes called ‘indirect speech.’ e.g. Tom said that he was feeling sick. Direct Speech Speech that is written using the exact words of the speaker, without any changes. e.g. Tom said, “I’m feeling sick.” Exercise 1 (1) Liz (said/talked/told), “I will do that job.” ⇒ said (2) I (said/talked/asked) him to open the door. ⇒ asked (3) Our boss (said/told/talked) us to reach the goal. ⇒ told Exercise 2 (1) 彼は私に言った。「今、何時ですか」 He [me to said now what time is it]?” ⇒ He said to me, “What time is it now?” (2) ガリレオ・ガリレイは地球が太陽の周りを回っ ていると言った。 Galileo [the earth the sun around goes that said]. ⇒ Galileo Galilei said that the earth goes round the sun. (3) 審判は選手にその場から退場するように命じ た。 The umpire [the player the filed to leave ordered]. ⇒ The umpire ordered the player to leave the field. (4) チャールズはダイアナに言った。「どうか結婚 してほしい」 Charles [Diana to said please me marry].” ⇒ Charles said to Diana, “Please marry me.” (5) リサのお父さんがリサに、次の日曜日は暇か どうか尋ねた。 Her father [Lisa the next Sunday free if would be asked she]. ⇒ Her father asked Lisa if she would be free the next Sunday. (6) 手品師が観客に箱の中には何が入っている か尋ねた。 The magician [the audience the box in what was asked]. ⇒ The magician asked the audience what was in the box. What Did He Say? A: I forgot to tell you. Marvin called yesterday. B: Really? What did he say? A: He said (that)* he thought he was falling in love with me. *Or: He told me (that) 参考）英文法大全 27-2 話法の転換 直接話法と間接話法は相互に言いかえ ることができます。ここでは直接話法を 間接話法に変える場合の注意すべき点 が簡潔にまとめられています。 http://www.eibunpou.net/11/chapter27 /27_2.html Why Did They Tell You That? A: I’m a little annoyed at the mailman. B: How come? A: He told me to keep my dog in the house. B: Why did he tell you that? A: He said (that) he was afraid to deliver my mail. BBC Learning English Grammar Challenge http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/lear ningenglish/radio/specials/1457_gram challenge35/ Reported speech If someone tells you something and you want to tell another person, can use 'direct speech' or 'reported speech'. Find out the differences in this program. BBC Learning English Grammar Challenge http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/lear ningenglish/radio/specials/145_gramc hallenge36/ Indirect questions There's more than one way to ask a question. Indirect questions are more polite and don't need a change in word order in the main question. 下記日程に注意！ 1月6日（金） Grammar and Vocabulary合同授業 1月10日（火） Grammar and Vocabulary合同授業 1月13日（金） センター入試準備のため登校禁止 1月17日（火） 通常授業 1月20日（金） Oral Communication期末試験 1月27日（金） 英語統一試験→詳細は後日 1月31日（火） Grammar and Vocabulary期末試験 Take care of yourself!