多角的協力の意味合いと方向性を考える:
米州開発銀行の
インターリージョナル・プログラムの経験から
(Handoutのサポート資料)
ワシントンDC開発フォーラム
January 28, 2004
Ikuko Shimizu ([email protected])
1.
南南協力、多角的協力の枠組みから捉えたJapan
Program (JP)
•
•
•
•
南南協力とは? アジア- LACの知識交流とは?
JPの位置づけ
JPプロジェクトの種類
プロジェクトはどうやって生まれるか
2. 具体例として「教育と社会復興」プロジェクトの紹介
•
•
プロジェクト概要
Lessons Learned, Lessons Shared
3. 国際金融機関を通じての多角的協力の課題と展望
4. 今後のJPの方向性と提言
5.
コメンタリー (高橋千絵さん)
JPの目的
• To facilitate knowledge exchange
between Asia and LAC; to assist and
enhance social and economic
development of LAC through Asian
experiences (expertise)
• “Smaller Pacific”
Figure 1.
IDB Structure
Governors
Executive Directors
OVE
President &
EVP
MIF
External Relations
Auditor General
Secretary
Special Office in
Europe
Office in Japan
Vice President
RE1
RE2 RE3
ROS PRI
SDS
RES
ITS
HRD
DPP
INT
FIN
LEG
Figure 2.
Regional Department
Regional Departments
(3)
Country Division
Finance and
Basic
Infrastructure Div.
Env. & Natural
Res. Manag.
Division
Country Offices
Social Program
Division
State & Civil
Social
Progr. Division
Figure 3.
JPプロジェクトの種類
i. 形態
Others
18%
Workshop
29%
Pilot
8%
Study Tour
6%
Training
15%
Research
12%
Seminar
12%
1999~2003; 90 sub-operations
Table 1. SPECIAL PROGRAMS FOR SPECIAL POPULATIONS
DURING & AFTER CONFLICTS
Children and Youth













Child soldiers
Ex-combatants
Orphans
Separated children
HIV/AIDs affected
Men & Community
Members
Women
Widows

Female-headed
households

Women ex-combatants

Internally displaced

Ex-combatants

Internally displaced
and refugee families

Trafficked persons
Persons with disabilities, injuries, chronic ill health or malnutrition
Internally displaced persons
International refugees
Survivors of torture
Families of persons who have disappeared
Ethnic and linguistic minorities
Children, youth & adults needing psychological support
(Cont’d) Key Integrated Education Programs
1)
Economic funds and skills training linked with jobs and
employment generation
·
·
·
·
Skills training linked to existing or expected jobs or to enterprise development
Creation of small and medium-sized businesses
Promotion of macro and micro enterprises
Other income generating strategies
2)
Psycho-social services, trauma healing and reconciliation
·
·
·
Linkage of public mental health and education services
Special trauma healing support and reconciliation programs
Referral systems for special services
3)
Parent education and support for integrated early childhood
development
Social reintegration programs
Education for citizenship, human rights and democratic
governance
4)
5)
Non-LAC countries
IDB
LAC countries
Diagram 1. Formal Lending Scheme
South-South Collaboration Scheme
LAC Gov’ts
Univ.
LAC
NGOs
Mainstream
operations
Challenge&
prospect
COFs, Regional
Departments,
etc.
Lending Countries
JP
projects
Univ.
Asian
NGOs
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1.南南協力、多角協力の枠組みか らみた Japan Program (JP)