Class Session 1b
Chapter 1
• Pronunciation Practice
• Classroom Commands
• Japanese Foods
• Japanese Martial Arts
• Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture
• English Words Borrowed From Japanese
• Japanese Vocabulary
• Japanese Words Borrowed from Foreign Languages
• Basic Japanese Expressions
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
1
Unvoiced Sounds
あ A
い I
う U
え E
お O
か KA
き KI
く KU
け KE
こ KO
さ SA
し SHI
す SU
せ SE
そ SO
た TA
ち CHI
つ TSU
て TE
と TO
な NA
に NI
ぬ NU
ね NE
の NO
は HA
ひ HI
ふ FU
へ HE
ほ HO
ま MA
み MI
む MU
め ME
も MO
や YA
-
ゆ YU
-
よ YO
ら RA
り RI
る RU
れ RE
ろ RO
わ WA
ゐ* (W)I
-
ゑ* (W)E
を WO
んN
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
2
Voiced Sounds
が GA
ぎ GI
ぐ GU
げ GE
ご GO
ざ ZA
じ JI
ず ZU
ぜ ZE
ぞ ZO
だ DA
**ぢ DJI
**づ DZU
で DE
ど DO
ば BA
び BI
ぶ BU
べ BE
ぼ BO
ぱ PA
ぴ PI
ぷ PU
ぺ PE
ぽ PO
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
3
Palatized Sounds
ゃ YA
ゅ YU
ょ YO
きゃ KYA
きゅ KYU
きょ KYO
しゃ SHA
しゅ SHU
しょ SHO
ちゃ CHA
ちゅ CHU
ちょ CHO
にゃ NYA
にゅ NYU
にょ NYO
ひゃ HYA
ひゅ HYU
ひょ HYO
みゃ MYA
みゅ MYU
みょ MYO
りゃ RYA
りゅ RYU
りょ RYO
ぎゃ GYA
ぎゅ GYU
ぎょ GYO
じゃ JA
じゅ JU
じょ JO
**ぢゃ DJA
**ぢゅ DJU
ぢょ DJO
びゃ BYA
びゅ BYU
びょ BYO
ぴゃ PYA
ぴゅ PYU
ぴょ PYO
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
4
Classroom Commands
Hajimemashō
Let’s begin
Suwatte kudasai
Please sit down
Kiite kudasai
Please listen
Shizuka ni shite kudasai
Please be quite
Itte kudasai
Please say it
Eigo de itte kudasai
Please say it in English
Nihongo de itte kudasai
Please say it in Japanese
Issho ni itte kudasai
Please say it together
Mō ichido itte kudasai
Please say it again
Ooki-na koe de itte kudasai
Please say it in a loud voice
Mō sukoshi hayaku itte kudasai
Please say it a little faster
Mō sukoshi yukkuri itte kudasai
Please say it a little slower
Eigo ni yakushite kudasai
Please translate into English
Nihongo ni yakushite kudasai
Please translate into Japanese
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
5
Japanese Foods
sushi
すし
sushi
sashimi
刺し身
sliced raw fish
sukiyaki
すき焼き
Japanese style beef stew
unagi
うなぎ
eel
tenpura
てんぷら
tenpura
sake
酒
Japanese rice wine
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
6
Japanese Martial Arts
karate
空手
karate
jūdō
柔道
judo
kendō
剣道
kendo
aikidō
合気道
aikido
sumō
相撲
sumo
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
7
Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture
origami
折紙
origami (paper folding)
haiku
俳句
haiku (poetry) 17-mora poem, in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 morae
ikebana
活花
flower arranging
kimono
着物
kimono (traditional Japanese clothing)
samurai
侍
samurai
ninja
忍者
ninja
bonsai
盆栽
bonsai (miniature trees)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
8
English Words Borrowed from Japanese
hibachi
火鉢
charcoal brazier
tsunami
津波
tidal wave
geta
下駄
(Japanese wooden) clogs
futon
布団
futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress
laid out on the floor);
sayonara
さよなら goodbye
tōfu
豆腐
tofu; bean curd
koi
鯉
common carp; koi carp
gyoza
(餃子) ぎょうざ
gyoza (crescent-shaped pan-fried dumplings
stuffed with minced pork and vegetables)
ramen
らあめん
(拉麺) (老麺)
Chinese style noodles (from Chinese lamian)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
9
English Words Borrowed from Japanese
karaoke
カラオケ(空オケ) karaoke (empty orchestra)
anime
アニメ
anime (animated film)
manga
漫画
manga (cartoon)
kudzu (kuzu)
葛
kudzu (Pueraria lobata) (type of vine)
kiurushi
生漆
urushiol (sap of poison ivy, oak, sumac);
used in Japan to make lacquerware
(urushimono)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
10
Japanese Vocabulary
• Native Japanese words (和語 wago)
33.8%
• Chinese words (漢語 kango)
49.1%
• Foreign words (外来語 gairaigo)
8.8%
Japanese change the way foreign words are pronounced to fit the sounds of Japanese.
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
11
Native Japanese words (和語 wago)
• Usually written in hiragana, with a single Chinese character, or a
single Chinese character + hiragana
• Examples:
uchi
家
house (noun)
sugu
すぐ
immediately (adverb)
akai
赤い
red (adjective)
iku
行く
to go (verb)
suru
する
to do (verb)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
12
Chinese words (漢語 kango)
• Usually are written with two (or more) Chinese characters
• Usually use the Chinese readings for the characters rather than the native
Japanese readings
• Examples:
naikai
内海
inlet; bay; inland sea
tenki
天気
the weather
kantan
簡単(な)
easy; simple
mijuku
未熟(な)
unripe; inexperienced
benkyō
勉強(する)
study (to study)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
13
Gairaigo 外来語
Words Borrowed From Foreign Languages
anime
アニメ
English – animation
apāto
アパート
English – apartment
arabaito
アルバイト
German – arbeit (part time job)
depāto
デパート
English – department store
pan
パン
Portuguese – pan (bread)
aisukuriimu
アイスクリーム
English – ice cream
hotto doggu
ホットドッグ
English – hot dog
tabako
タバコ
Portuguese – tabako (tobaco)
panku
パンク
English – puncture (flat tire)
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
14
English made in Japan (和製英語 waseieigo)
Japanese word constructed of elements from one or more English terms;
the meaning of the words in Japanese is usually different than the meaning of
the words in English.
Examples:
アフターサービス
afutāsābisu
(after service)
customer service
アメフト
amefuto
(Ame(rican) foot(ball))
American football
ドンマイ
donmai
don('t) mi(nd)
don't worry about it
イン・キー
inkī
in + key
locking one's car
keys in one's car
キャッチホン
kyatchihon
catch phone
call waiting
マジックテープ
majikkutēpu
magic tape
Velcro
See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gairaigo_and_wasei-eigo_terms for more
examples
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
15
Basic Japanese Expressions
ohayō gozaimasu
Good morning
konnichi wa
Good afternoon
konban wa
Good evening
oyasumi nasai
Good night
ikaga desu ka
How are you?
genki desu
I am fine
Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012
16
ダウンロード

anime