Economic Impact of
the Great East Japan Earthquake
and current status of Recovery
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
Contents
1. Reconstruction from the Present Earthquake
(1) Tohoku Expressway ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
(2) Railroads ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
(3) Sea Ports・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
(4) Air Ports ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
2
3
4
5
2. Effect to Specific Industries
(1) Steel ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
(2) Petrochemical・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
(3) Auto and electronics ・・・ ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・
6
7
8
1
1. Reconstruction from the Present Earthquake: (1)Tohoku Expressway
Tohoku Expressway is a traffic and commercial artery which connects Tohoku and Kanto
regions. Numerous factories are located along the route.
347 km out of 675 km of the expressway was destroyed by the earthquake on March 11,
but the traffic restriction was lifted on March 24th, following the completion of
emergency restoration measures.
Tohoku
Expressway
NEXCO East
Mar 12th
Mar 12th
Mar 17th
NEXCO East
NEXCO East
NEXCO East
Mar 21th
2
1. Reconstruction from the Present Earthquake: (2) Railroads
 None of 26 trains operating at the time of the earthquake derailed, not did any serious
destruction of elevated bridges and stations, or collapse of tunnels occur.
The entire Tohoku Shinkansen will resume operation by April 30th.
Scheduled resumption of operations as of April 18th
Morioka to Shin Aomori
Resumed Operation in April 13th
Ichinoseki to Morioka
Resumed Operation in April 23th
Sendai to Ichinoseki
Around April 29th
Fukushima to Sendai
Resumed Operation in April 25th
Nasushiobara to Fukushima
Resumed Operation in April 12th
JR East
3
1. Reconstruction from the Present Earthquake: (3) Sea Ports
Quays of all major ports in the quake-hit Pacific Coast from Aomori to Ibaragi became
available by May 24th.
The ports damaged by the tsunami are subsequently recovering its functions.
Hachinohe
Kuji
Miyako
kamaishi
Ofunato
Ishinomaki
Quays of all the major ports
became available on March
24th
Sendai-Shiogama
Soma
Onahama
4
1. Reconstruction from the Present Earthquake: (4) Airports
The reconstruction of Sendai Airport which was badly damaged by the tsunami showed
surprisingly rapid progress. The entire runway was restored and became available by
March 28th.
Passenger flights between Haneda-Sendai and Osaka(Itami)-Miyagi resumed operation
on April 13th, a month after the earthquake.
Kyodo
Kyodo
Sendai air port damaged by the tsunami as of March
13th.
The first landing to Sendai airport since the earthquake
on April 13th.
5
2. Effects on Specific Industries : (1) Steel
Although Sumitomo Metal’s Kashima Plant has stopped production, other Japanese iron
works can still produce plenty of crude steel.
Geographical Locations of Damaged Iron Works
Production Capacity for Crude Steel
(As of March, 2010)
※ in thousands of tons per year
Japan (total)
Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd
96,449
Kashima
6,821
Approximately 7% of shares of Kashima
Kashima
0
20,000
40,000
60,000
80,000
100,000
120,000
6
2. Effects on Specific Industries: (2) Petrochemicals
Mitsubishi Chemical’s Kashima Plant, which has suffered some damage from the Great
East Japan Quake, is responsible for about 10% of Japan’s ethylene production. Even if it
cannot be repaired soon, Japan has many other complexes which can produce more than
the necessary volume of petrochemicals.
Production Capacity for Ethylene
(As of December, 2009)
Ratio of Export & Import to
Production of Petrochemicals
※ in thousands of tons per year
25.0
Location
Kashima
Goi
Ichihara
Chiba
Anegasaki Sodegaura
Kawasaki
Yokkaichi
Osaka
Mizushima
Fukuyama
Shunan
Ohita
Company
Capacity
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP.
828
MARUZEN PETROCHEMICAL CO., LTD.
480
KEIYO ETHYLENE CO., LTD
690
MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
553
IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.
374
SUMITOMO CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
380
JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORP.
404
TONEN CHEMICAL CORP.
491
TOSOH CORP.
493
MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
455
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP.
450
ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS CORP.
443
IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.
623
SHOWA DENKO K. K.
615
Total Capacity
7279
Share
11.4%
6.6% 20.0
9.5%
7.6%
5.1% 15.0
5.2%
5.6%
6.7% 10.0
6.8%
6.3%
6.2%
5.0
6.1%
8.6%
8.4%
0.0
100.0%
23.1
21.2
13.1
2.6
Export
Import
14.3
2.9
0.5
0.7
※ Underlined plants shut their naphtha crackers after the quake.
ratio of export to production
ratio of import to production
7
2. Effects on specific Industries : (3) Auto / Electronics Industries
Several weeks after the earthquake, certain major factories producing core parts and
materials temporally ceased the operation, but sequentially resumed its operation. For
factories that need more time to recover, companies are seeking substitution by other
factories.
Most of the motor production companies have restarted production, depending on the
supply level of core parts and materials.
Toyota Motor
All factories resume production from April 18th.
Nissan
All factories, including seismic-damaged Engine factory in Iwaki-city, resume production from
April 18th.
Honda
By the resuming production of finished automobiles at the Saitama Factory and Suzuka Factory,
all factories resume production from April 11th.
Hitachi Automotive Systems
Seismic-damaged Sawa and Fukushima Auto-parts manufacturing factories partially resume
production from March 25th. Manufacturing facilities has been almost completely repaired.
Hitachi Vehicle Energy
Seismic-damaged Headquarter Factory at Hitachinaka-city resume production of Lithium-ion
batteries from March 28th.
Hitachi ltd.
Seismic-damaged factory at Hitachi partially resumes manufacturing of turbine for electricity
power plants from March 29th. 90% production level has recovered.
Renesas Electronics
6 of 7 factories that suffer seismic damage already resume production. All the stakeholders
concerned try to make every effort to restart the operation of NAKA Factory as soon as possible.
Originally they announced “before July, now try to accelerate the schedule.
Shinetsu Chemicals
Seismic-damaged Shirakawa Factory resumed production by the end of April. Right now,
substituting by other group factories.
IHI
Seismic-damaged Soma Factory, producing engines and gas turbine, now resume operation
since march 29th.
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