天文学と物理化学:銀河中心の
H3
+
岡 武史
シカゴ大学、天体物理教室、化学教室、
エンリコ・フェルミ研究所
2012 年、11月7日、分子科学研究所
16年前
1975
実験室
Herzberg Institute
of Astrophysics
1980
宝探し、惑星
Astronomy
CH2+, CH3+, CH5+
C2H2+, C2H3+, NH2+
NH3+, NH4+, OH+
H3O+, 固体水素
Chemistry
1996
384, 334 (1996) Nov. 28
Astronomers’ Periodic Table
He
C
Si
Mg
Fe
Ben McCall
N
O
Ne
S
Ar
C4H
H
e
C4H2+
H2
H2
C4
HC11N
+
+
C 4H
C3H2
e
C
e
C
HC9N
C3H
C3H3+
C3H+
H–C≡C–C≡C–C≡C–C≡C–C≡N
H–C≡C–C≡C–C≡C–C≡N
H–C≡C–C≡C–C≡N
HC5N
+
C
C2H2
e
+
H2C3O
C2H4
e
CH3
e
e
OH
+
H3O
e
+
C2H
C
+
CH5
CH3OH, e
e
CH 3OH2
CH3CO
+
+
CH3
CO
e
C2H5CNH
CH3CN
H2
H2O
+
H2
+
CH2
CH
H2O
HCN H C N
3 3
HC3N
e
e
CH2CO
C
H3
+ 2
+
C2H5
+
e
CH4
H2CO
C2H5OH
CH3OCH 3
CH3OH
e
CO
+
Harry Kroto
1975
HC7N
H2
C3O
C60
+
HCN
CH3CNH
NH3
+e
+ e
+ e
CH3NH2 e
N
H2CN
+
e
C2H5CN
CH3CN
CH2NH
CH3NH2
HCN
H2
H2
+
+
H2 O
H2
CH
C
+
OH
O
+
+ CO HCO
N2
H2
+
H2
cosmic ray
H2
+
N2H
H3+
William Klemperer
1970
Progress of the H3+ Observation
1975 HC5N, HC7N, HC9N
T.G.
1980
Laboratory Spectrum
H
1951
Oka, PRL. 45, 531
H2
1989 - 95
1996
Interstellar H3+, Discovery, Dense Clouds
1970
1973
Geballe, Oka, Nature 384, 334
1998 – 2002 Surprise, Diffuse Clouds
H3 +
McCall, Geballe, Hinkle, Oka
2002
Metastable H3+, Discovery, Galactic center
Goto, McCall, Geballe, Oka, et al.
2005
Revelation of Hot and Diffuse Clouds near GC
Oka, Geballe, Goto, Usuda, McCall, ApJ
2008
Central 30 pc of the Galactic center
Goto, Geballe, Oka, et al.
1996
+
対称性の自発的な破れ
クオーク 素粒子物理は何処まで進んできたか
南部陽一郎
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