Rough situation by satellite image and the old administrative district name
of sampling point
採集地点の衛星画像によるおおよその概況]とその古い行政区名
Table 4. The occurrence frequency of earthworm in Fukuoka Prefecture Kyushu Japan
Kum Hik Sya Sef Kos San Sch Low ENS SNUMDA
Number of Sampling sites
3
2
2
6
5
31 11 17 18 8 32
Total number
26 25 12 118 162 354 102 291 228 113 302
Average number per a sampling
++ > =1.0, 1.0 > + > 0.0
Exotic/introduced Amynthas
Amynthas carnosus
+
Amynthas corticis
+
+
+
Amynthas hupeiensis
*1
Amynthas robusutus
+
Amynthas phaselus
+
Native/endemic Amynthas
Amynthas micronaria
+
+
++ +
Amynthas tagawaensis
+
+
+ ++
Amynthas chikushinoensis
+
+
+
+
Amynthas yahataensis
+
Amynthas minamataensis
+
Exotic/introduced Metaphire
Duplodicodrilus [Metaphire ] schmardae
+
+
+
+
Metaphire californica
+
+
Native/endemic Metaphire
Metaphire kyushuensis
+ ++ +
+ ++ +
Metaphire nemorivagusa
++ + ++ ++ ++ +
+ ++
Metaphire sasagriensis
+
Metaphire siebold (mature+immature)
+
+
+
+ ++ +
Metaphire quasisieboldi
+
Metaphire tosaensis
++
+
Metaphire pseudvittata
++
+
Metaphire hilgendorfi / Amynthas tokioensis species complex *3
The morph having sexual organ
++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Degraded morph
++ ++
++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Lumbricidae Moniligastridae and others
Aporrectodea caliginosa
+
Bimastis parvus
++
Eisenia foetida
+
Eisenia japonica
*2
+
+
+
+
Undetermined (Eisenia japonica minuta ? were contained.)
Undetermined (Drawida japonica ?)
+
+
+
+
MI SSF FP MR OIG
5 16 10 17 9
76 254 178 146 81
+
+
++
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
++
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
++
+
++
+
++
++
++
++
+
+
+
+
+
+
Amynthas yahataensis
Fig.xx Amynthas yahataensis (goto-ensis :temporary name). A. Ventral view of segments 1-18 segments. B.
Ventral view of male pore. C. Spermathecal pore. D. Seminal vesicles. E. Caeca.
Amymyhas tagawaensis
Amynthas tagawaensis
Fig.xx
(temporary name). A. Ventral view of 1-18 segments pore. B. Ventral view of male
pore. C. Spermathecal pore. D. Prostatic gonad and duct. E. Caeca
Amymyhas chikushinoensis
Amymyhas chikushinoensis (temporary name)
Table 1
Amymyhas tagawaensis (TAGAWA1 Amymyhas tchikushinoensis (TAGAWA2)
Common feature
Body size
70.3 mm (L)
Spermathecal pore in
6/7/8
Shape of spermathecal pore
Same
Body circumference apart
0.41
4.8 mm(W)
81.5 mm (L)
3.9 mm(W)
0.4
Male pore Body circumference
0.48
apart
Prostatic gonad and duct
Prostate duct is U shape
Prostate gonad in mass occupying 16-20
Caeca
Prostate gonad in 17-20 separating three plate
Manicate caeca originating in 27 extending 25
Difference feature
Body pigmentation
Dorsal brown, Ventral thin brown
Genital marking and inner gland nothing
Distribution
This taxon was collected only in calciferous
habitat: Mountain of limestone
Dorsal brown, Ventral thin brown. Banded
colouration of purple brown between segments of
1/2/3/5
Genital markings in paired sets of two or four
papillae linearly in segment 7 and 8, and eight
markings in front and posterior of male pore(s) on
segment 18. Inner glands corresponding to each
external genital markings
Relatively abundant in evergreen forest in Fukuoka
Pref.
Tsble 2
Amymyhas yahataensis
Amymyhas chikushinoensis
[gotosoil]
[TAGAWA2
Common feature
Body size
70.9 mm(L) 3.7 mm(W)
70.3-81.5 mm (L)
4.8-3.9 mm(W)
Spermathecal pore in
Both are 6 / 7 / 8
Shape of spermathecal pore
Same
Male pore
superficial
Prostatic gonad and duct
Prostate gonad in 16 or 17-20 and Prostate duct is U shape
caeca
simple originating in 27 extending 25
Difference feature
Body circumference apart
0.46
0.41-0.4
Mp, body circumference apart
0.39
0.47-0.48
the size of prostatic duct
Very small
Large
thin brown or no pigmentation
Body pigmentation
Genital marking
inner gland
Habitat
Dorsal brown, Ventral thin brown or
Banded colouration of purple brown
between segments of 1/2/3/5.
In the center of a ventral side of
Nothing or paired sets of two or four
segment, there are genital markings. papillae on 7 and 8, and eight markings in
Its marking is a peak in broad bean, front and posterior of male pore(s)
of the pair, and the inside becomes
hollow.
a protuberance corresponding to
Inner glands corresponding to each
genital marking
external genital markings.
Soil dweller?
Litter dweller
Amynthas IBPminamata
Amynthas IBPminamata (temporary name). A. Ventral view of 1-25 segments. B. Ventral view of male pore.
C. Spermathecal pore. D. Prostatic gonad and duct. E. Caeca. (Note of C, E and F. One of left spermathecal pore came off
while observing it. Therefore, right spermathecal pore and right prostatic gonad and duct and right caeca were sketched.)
Table 3
Amynthas
Amynthas
Amynthas corticis
Amynthas
minamataensis
micronaria
fuscata
IBPminamata
Common feature
male pore superficial, four pairs of spermatheca in 5/6/7/8/9, U
shape of prostatic duct and simple caeca
Body length
63
95
120
240
Body width
2.8
3.8
4.1
9.3
pigment on Dorsal No
Brown
Brown
Dark brown
pigment on Ventral No
Thin brown
Thin brown
Light gray
Sp. Bcapart
0.5
0.3
0.31
0.2-0.23
Shape of
The glove
Flattened With Smooth and
Smooth and
spermatheca
externals with
short stak
elongated ovoid
elongated
Diverticula
Straight.
Adverticulate Straight and much Very thick,
dilated at tip
tubular and
sharply coiled
The ratio of SP. to SP.. = Div.
-----SP>Div
?
diverticula in length
Mp. Bcaaprt
0.34
0.26
0.36
?
Shape of GM.
None
None
small round
Large round
Position of GM.
on the setal line
of 17, 19-25
segments
paired almost segments 5-9,
situated
intersegmental nearer the lateral posterior of
and just
side
the chaetal
median to the
line on 19-25
lines of the
male pores in
Amymyhas fuscata : Ohfuchi, S. (1937): On the species possessing four pairs of
Metaphire tinkokuji
Metaphire tinkokuji (temporary name). A. Ventral view of 1- 21 segments. (No scale). B. Ventral view of
spermathecal pore. C. Ventral view of male pore. D. Spermathecal pore. E. Prostatic gonad and duct. F. Caeca
Metaphire quasisiebold
Metaphire nonsiebold temporary name). A. Ventral view of 1-18 segments. (No scale). B. Ventral
(
view of 6 –9 segment (the region of spermatheca), C. Ventral view of male pore. D. Spermatheca. E. Prostatic gonad
and duct. F. Caeca
Body size
Metaphire nonsiebold
Common feature
254.0 mm (L), 11.5 mm (W)
Metaphire sieboldi
243.0 mm (L), 10.0 mm (W)
Position of spermatheca 6/7/8/9
Male pores
Prostate gonad
Shallow copulatory pouches look like conspicuous transverse
Mass occupying 16-20
Prostate duct
Wide and short and open to copulatory bursae. The whole of
prostate duct touches parietes
Circumference apart of
male pore
Caeca
0.28
Body colour
Body surface
spermatheca pore
Circumference apart of
spermathecal pore
Diverticulum
Shape of ampula
Duct of ampula
Width of male pore
Distribution
0.25
Manicate caeca originating on 27
Difference feature
Blue
Blue grey
Smooth
Bi-annulated superiorly
Longitudinal width of 17
Longitudinal width of 17
segments is usual.
segments is less than half of
Spermathecal pore (and 2-3
Not visible
small genital marking) are
0.37
0.27
Wound complexly
Liner
The surface of ampula is
The surface of ampula is
smooth.
covered with a double dotted
The duct is extremely shorts The duct is 1/4 of ampula in length
Male pore slit is relatively wideMale pore slit is short compared with that
(1/2 of width of segment 18). of siebold (1/4 of width of segment 18).
Most Mountenaus habitats in
One site in Sasaguri Town
Fukuoka Pref.
Metaphire sasagriensis
Metaphire sasagriensis [(ichinotakiji temporary name)]
Metaphire nemorivagusa
[non-querpa]
Metaphire sasagriensis
[ichinotakiji]
Common feature
Body size
145mm (L), 6.2 m (W)
spermathecal pore
two pairs of spermathecal pore in 7/8/9
Spermatheca C
0.3
0.28
0.23
0.2
Male C
Table 3
*1
*2
107 mm (L), 7.7 mm (W)
copulatoly pouches
look like huge hole paired on 18
Prostate gonad
occupying 15-21
Prostate duct
two plate or mass occupying 15-21. Prostate duct is wide and short and open to
copulatory bursae. The whole of prostate duct touches parietes
Caeca
manicate caeca originating in 27
Difference feature
Body form
Body cylindrical in cross-section
Body width becomes narrow after
clitellumin
Body colour
deep purple brown, Ventral bright purple
brown
Deep Purple brown dorally thick
violet in segment furrows dorsall,
then banded colouration
spermatheca pore
The spermathecal pore surrounding rises
from the body surface plainly, slit like
groove
not visible many wrinkles in the
body surface near spermathecal
pore peripheral
Width of male pore
The hole surrounding has risen
remarkably
Male pore open in copulatoly
pouches look like cross-hole paired
Prostate gonad
two plate
mass
Prostate duct is wide, and short. The point Short duct and huge copulatory
Prostatic duct and copulatory burusae
of duct extends like the semicircle
bursae
Caeca
Three diverticular
Six diverticular
Distribution
Most Mountenaus habitats in west Japan. One site in Sasaguri Town
Fig.10 Metaphire pseudo-vittatus (temporary name).
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九州北部福岡の陸棲貧毛類