New Religions #5 Tenri-kyou（天理教） Masayo Urasaki 10 July 2012 Today’s Class Goal 1)To understand Tenrikyou（天理教）’s brief history and founder’s background. 2)To consider “Country” in today’s workshop. Keywords Oyasama（親祖）/ Ms.Miki Nakayama（中 山みき） Oyagami（親神）/ Tenri O no mikoto（天 理王命） Oyasato（親里）/ Jiba（ぢば） Ojiba gaeri（おぢばかえり） Yoki gurashi（陽気ぐらし） Hinoki shin（ひのきしん） What is Tenri（天理）？ One of a Sectarian Shinto sect（教派神道） Tenri 天理 天 ten → Heaven 理 ri → truth, reason ・ Founded at Shoyashiki village (now Tenri city) Nara prefecture in 1838. ・Official membership count is 1,635,000 (churches almost 17000) Headquarters Religious town Tenri city（天理市） Only one place where the city name from New Religion organization in Japan (1945-) ・Schools (From elementary to University) ・Hospital (Ikoi-no ie 憩いの家） ・library ・Cultural Institutions Tenri city, Nara Pref. Founder / Oyasama（親祖） Mrs. Miki Nakayama (中山みき） Born 1798, Housewife married to a farmer. In 26 October 1838, Miki was 41 years old, trance and attributed to Gad the parent, Tenri-O-no-Mikoto（天理王命） From God’s order, she settled as the Shrine of God She help pregnant women as witch doctor. Wobiya yurushi（をびや許し） Died 1887 (90 years) The Home of the Parent Oyasato（親里）/ Jiba（ぢば） Where God the parent resides Oyasama (Miki Nakayama) lives through all eternity. The Place of Origin where Got the parent created mankind. (Original Myth) Ojiba gaeri(おじばがえり） Coming to Tenri → Returning to Jiba Returning to the Home of the Parent Main teaching Yo-ki gurashi (陽気ぐらし） God’s purpose in creating human beings was to take delight in seeing their Joyous Life. Human being was not realized them, were lost in their self-centered imagination and brought suffering and sorrow upon themselves. God revealed through Mrs.Miki at the promised time in order to save all humankind by teaching the path of single-hearted salvation. How to become membership Registration at Church Take course lecture “Besseki（別席）” attend once a month (take 9 months) ☆Purpose: replace the minds with truly sincere and Joyous mind After finish Sazuke（さずけ） ceremony, become member of “Yo-boku（よふぼく、用木）” → Touryo 棟梁 （Leader） → Shinbashira 真柱 President) <there words from carpenters> Hinoki-shin（ひのきしん） Thanks for God and other all things, engaged “Volunteer activities” with cheerful mind. Ex: Cleaning up the Churches Helping others who are suffering Donations Attitude toward Nation’s control ・Meiji Era Oyasama arrested because of “ law of prohibit local charm / magic medicine” → Supported established Busshism Shingon Shu（真言宗） ・Before WWII after Oyasama’s death, successor tried to become official religion They obey the government’s order (Change the doctrine, Donate airplanes, take up the volunteer of the war) Workshop The most characteristics point of Tenri kyou is having only city/town which have named themselves. So, let’s think about the “Country” what do you want to live!!